Different agents are used to avoid unplanned pregnancy, for better family planning. Describe the contraindications of different kinds of contraceptives. Compare and contrast the different modes of contraceptive delivery. Perfectuse pregnancy rates for most hormonal contraceptives are usually around the 0. Over the past 20 years there have been both case reports and clinical studies on the topic of drug. Oral contraceptives clinical pharmacy and pharmacology. Jul, 2015 pharmacology, 7e by hitnernagle is incredibly readable, with short chapters that link theory to practice.
The estrogen brings about pubertal changes in female including growth of uterus, fallopian tubes etc. When properly regulated by folliclestimulating hormone fsh and luteinizing hormone lh from the pituitary, each menstrual cycle consists of the following events. Clinical pharmacology of hormonal emergency contraceptive pills. Pharmacology of estrogen authorstream presentation. Must be a current graduate student enrolled at an institution. Feb 14, 2011 combined oral contraceptive pills were developed to prevent ovulation by suppressing the release of gonadotropins. Use the pharmacology powerpoint presentations as a resource for your brochure project. Animation explaining mechanism of action of glucocorticoids, comparative glucocorticoids potencies table. A follicle in the ovary matures, secretes increasing amounts of estrogen, releases an ovum, and is. You can use this free template for epidemiology powerpoint template presentations but also for other applications for example rehab powerpoint presentations and rehabilitation ppt slides. The use of drugs to help regulate and control endocrine function is an important area of pharmacology. Emergency contraceptives play a major role in preventing unwanted pregnancy. Pharmacology contact each unit will consist of objectives, study questions, a core powerpoint presentation or word document, textbook reading assignments and webbased material. Article in french hubinont po, degueldre m, delvoye p, lhermite m, robyn c, vekemans m.
The free ebook has 14 sections and these are listed as below. Drospirenoneethinyl estradiol yaz, yasmin, many more 169. Pharmacology 120 julie cordts instructor pharmacology powerpoint lectures all lessons will open in a new browser window allowing easy access to this menu. Women should also use backup birth control, such as condoms, for 7 days after starting. Combined hormonal contraceptives, including cocps, inhibit follicular. Describe the adverse effects of different kinds of contraceptives.
According to the menstrual cycle, 3 or 4 days before and 3 or 4 days after ovulation, the woman is likely to conceive. Were sharing this material with our audience only for educational purpose. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacology of terbinafine and. Once ingested, they inhibit the release of gonadotropinreleasing hormone gnrh by the hypothalamus, thus inhibiting the release of the.
Pharmacology pathophysiology pharmacy practice pharmamed. Learn everything you need to know about carbamazepine tegretol and its nursing considerations incluing classification and common side effects. Norgestimateethinyl estradiol sprintec, ortho tricyclen, trinessa, many more 168. Introduction to endocrine pharmacology pharmacology in. In one sense, hormones can be considered drugs that are manufactured by the patients body. Pharmacology is the science of medicine used in animals and humans. Advanced pharmacologic applications in primary care credit hours.
Jan p vandenbroucke and frits r rosendaal april 19, p 111 refer to the crosssectional study by rosing et al2 which reported an association between the use of oral contraceptives ocs and functional resistance to the natural anticoagulant, activated protein c apc. This situation presents an obvious opportunity to use exogenous chemicals to either mimic or attenuate the effects of specific hormones during. Antidotes of some commonly known risky drugs and drug reactions are. The mechanism of action of hormonal contraceptives and. Pharmacology pharmacology is the study of the actions of drugs, incorporating knowledge from other interrelated sciences, such as pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Lecture notes on reproductive health carter center.
D placement semester 4 credits the course is made up of 2 credit hours course. The most widely used type of oral contraceptive in the. Anatomy and physiology teacher nasser abuelnoor, r. A guide to oral contraceptives katiiie mckinney, md clinical instructor, internal medicine, university of kentucky patient safety fellow, veterans administration medical. Contraception backgrounds, photos and templates ppt. Johnikin msiv howard university college of medicine baylor medicine pediatrics rotation january 23 26, 2006 a free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Principles of endocrine pharmacology concerns itself with the ther apeutic use of hormones, and hormone like substances, or drugs that can act either by suppressing or enhancing the metabolism of certain glands of internal secretion. Mar 21, 2018 download essential of medical pharmacology 7th edition pdf. Other drugs used for nonendocrine ther apies can likewise affect the endocrine system. Identify the most common types of contraceptives and match them with their usual applications. Definition and introduction reproductive health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters related to the reproductive system and to its functions and process. What is the mechanism of action of contraceptive pills.
Ppt hormonal contraception powerpoint presentation. Oral contraceptives are one of the most effective forms of birth control. Pills powerpoint template is a free medicine powerpoint background design for your medical presentations with a pill illustration and red background color. She mentions that she sometimes forgets to take it and asks about alternatives that dont rely on daily pill taking. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Progestagen negative feedback decreases the pulse frequency of gonadotropinreleasing. The process in calculating for the womans safe days is achieved when the.
A sdvosb service disabled veteran owned small business. Sex hormones are produced by the gonads and inner layer of the cortex of the adrenal medulla. The focus of this article is on the clinical presentation and management challenges of menopausal acne, which. Primarily two types of compounds have been prepared. Oral contraceptives can be started any day of the week and any day of the menstrual cycle. Combined oral contraceptive pills were developed to prevent ovulation by suppressing the release of gonadotropins. Prevention of ovulation is considered the primary mechanism of the contraceptive action of combined oral contraceptives. Pharmacology oral contraceptives flashcards quizlet. Emea and thirdgeneration oral contraceptives the lancet.
A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Effects of combined oral contraceptives on ovarian function. Learn sex hormones pharmacology with free interactive flashcards. Download kd tripathi essential of medical pharmacology pdf 7th edition free by using the link given below. Birth control contraceptive medications contain hormones estrogen and progesterone, or progesterone alone. Pharmacology is the branch of science that deals with the study of drugs, their preparation, properties, uses, and effect.
Birth control pills may also be prescribed to reduce menstrual cramps or prevent anemia. Standard safety precautions must be followed, but as new research and clinical experience broaden our knowledge, changes in treatment and drug therapy may become necessary or appropriate. Questions for the third and fourth exams will be taken from the powerpoint presentations. Combined oral contraceptives consist of the steroid hormone oestrogen in combi.
Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. View notes pharmacology study guidecontraception from phr 338 at university of texas. Birth control pills oral contraceptives are prescription medications. The use of emergency contraceptives is characterized by. A 24 year old nulliparous woman asks for a repeat supply of her combined oral contraception. Pharmacology may be defined as the study of effect of a drug chemical on the body living system it includes, history, source, physical and chemical properties, compounding, biochemical and physiological effects, pk and pd, therapeutic and other uses, precautions, adverse effects, interactions and contraindications of drugs. Combined oral contraceptives the pharmacology of combined oral contraceptive pills old and new. The synthetic progestogens are metabolized and inactivated much more slowly than the natural progesterone. These are agents which mainly contain hormone components. Contraceptive pharmacology medicine flashcards quizlet. The first oralcontraceptive formulations marketed in the united states, in 1960 and1961, contained 2 to 5 times as much estrogen and 5 to 10 times as much progestin as the oral contraceptives now in use. Combined oral contraception may also reduce bone density.
Methods of contraception aboubakr elnashar benha university hospital, egypt. The estrogen brings about pubertal changes in female including growth of uterus, fallopian. Combined hormonal contraceptives, including cocps, inhibit follicular development and prevent ovulation as their primary mechanism of action. Pharmacokinetic drug interactions with oral contraceptives. This nursing exam covers topics about drugs associated with hormonal therapies and reproduction. Pharmacology may be defined as the study of effect of a drug chemical on the body living system it includes, history, source, physical and. In addition, combined injectable contraceptives, a combined hormonal patch and ring. All women who start taking oral contraceptives should first have a pregnancy test to make sure they are not. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Kd tripathi pharmacology ebook download free in pdf format. Pharmacology research exploring contraception kraetschmer k kraetschmer k. Test your knowledge with this 20item exam for the nclex i always joke with people that having nephews. The ovary is the primary source of gonadal hormones in women during the childbearing years ie, between puberty and menopause. She is a nonsmoker, has no contraindications to combined hormonal contraception, and had heavy menstrual bleeding before using oral contraception.
Preventing conception by blocking the females egg from uniting with the males. Diagrams representing the process and the study prove a best way to explain. All women who start taking oral contraceptives should first have a pregnancy test to make sure they are not already pregnant. Online graduate pharmacology course college of nursing. Oral contraceptives presentation free download as powerpoint presentation. Hormonal contraception refers to birth control methods that act on the endocrine system. The most widely used type of oral contraceptive in the united states today is the combination preparation of an estrogen ethinyl estradiol, mestranol and a progestin norgestrel, levonorgestrel. When properly regulated by folliclestimulating hormone fsh and. Also called as the rhythm method, this natural method of family planning involves refraining from coitus during the days that the woman is fertile. Almost all methods are composed of steroid hormones, although in india one selective estrogen receptor. Many prescribed drugs are dispensed by pharmacists on a daily basis, and this is considered one of the most. Oral contraceptive steroids are used by an estimated 60 to 70 million women worldwide. The majority of women taking the pill report few or no side effects, but serious risks include blood clots may lead to deep vein thrombosis, heart attacks, and strokes.
The synthesis and release of the hormones are controlled by the anterior pituitary luteinizing hormone lh and folliclestimulating hormone fsh and the hypothalamus gonadotropinreleasing hormone, gnrh. Pharmacology mnemonics collection for medical students. Ppt hormonal contraception powerpoint presentation free. Choose from 500 different sets of sex hormones pharmacology flashcards on quizlet. Of pharmacology and toxicology semister2 niper definition. Clinical pharmacology of oral contraceptives sciencedirect. Drife after initial clinical trials in puerto rico in the 1950s, the oral contraceptive pill was introduced into. Estrogen causes proliferation of ducts and stroma and accumulation of fat. Oral contraceptives gynecology and obstetrics merck. Terbinafine results in the intracellular accumulation of squalene, which is toxic to fungal cells, and results in rapid death or fungicidal activity.415 1333 231 1144 881 23 771 306 803 417 56 1315 965 10 781 1203 1059 487 778 1309 804 1008 872 1101 66 576 233 529 26 1120 541