Here is an excerpt from alpherd edersheims the life and times of jesus the messiah on the incident. The cursed fig tree teaches a lesson about faith life of jesus. As he is approaching jerusalem the next morning, he sees a fig tree and expects to find a bit of fruit to eat, but there is none. It seems to be the only time he did something that wasnt meant in a positive way. Pitre connects the fig tree to the fall of adam and eve and the cleansing of the temple to isaiahs prophecy of eunuchs who will minister to the lord. Eerdmans, 2014, 439, who adds that matthew and mark are able to teach the aspect of judgment in a more. In both accounts, it is clear that the timing of this cursing is of critical relevance. By noel goetz did you ever stop to wonder why jesus cursed the fig tree in mark chapter 11. With marks structure in mind, we will now proceed to analyze the cursing of the fig tree, beginning in verse 12. The fig tree is a symbol of the prosperity and the wealth and the richness of that land agriculturally. Comparing and contrasting two accounts of the same story gives readers the benefit of different perspectives and details.
Matthew has jesus triumphal entry 1 and clearing of the temple 2 on day one of his time in jerusalem, and on day two jesus curses the fig tree 3, the fig tree withers 4 immediately, and he enters the temple where he is confronted by the chief priests and elders 5. While matthews account, the order of the story is swapped. The second meaning we can gleen from the fig tree being cursed is told to us by jesus himself a few verses after his miracle is recorded. Mark, the author of the book, adds the comment that it was not the season for figs mark 11. The evangelists statement is somewhat puzzlinguntil we understand the growth and reproductive cycles of fig trees. Luke presents it as a parable, and the gospel of john omits the curse entirely and shifts the incident with which it is connected, the cleansing of the temple, to the beginning of jesus career. Figuring out the fig tree crosswalk the devotional march. Christ looks for the power of religion from those who make profession of it.
To understand the cursing of the fig tree you need to know that in the springtime there is a certain kind of fig tree that bears figs first and then leaves. Jesus cursing the fig tree is recorded in both matthew 21. Apr 07, 2020 we had a great time in the worldwide bible class this morning. If it was not fig season, why do you think jesus cursed the tree. All edersheimlife and times of jesus the messiahthis. And he said to it, may no fruit ever come from you again. Upon encountering the story of jesus cursing the barren fig tree, the average bible student is slightly taken aback by the strangeness of the events that occur. Marks presentation makes the connection between the incident with the fig tree and the cleansing of the temple more explicit. A summary of sundays lesson of jesus cursing of the fig tree. Then he said to it, may you never bear fruit again.
Perhaps this had to do with the fact that the tree had leaves and appeared as if it would have fruit, but did not. The simplest answer is that yeshua was looking for figs out of season because the tree was promising them. He states, for this reason i say to you, all the things that you ask when you are praying, believe that you will receive them, and they shall be given to you mark 11. Nov, 2019 a summary of sundays lesson of jesus cursing of the fig tree. Its image is taken from the old testament symbol of. We provide those verses now for your consideration. When the lord first saw the tree, he was yet afar off. A redactioncritical analysis of the cursing of the fig tree pericope in mark s gospel and its relation to the cleansing of the temple tradition. Mark explains that it actually took place over two days, with jesus cursing the fig tree the first day on the way to cleanse the temple, and the disciples seeing the tree withered on the second day when they were again going to jerusalem from bethany mark 11. Jesus cursed a big tree in the gospels of matthew and mark in a way that seems gratuitous upon a first reading, but greg lanier tells us why he. Jun 25, 2019 in mark, a day passes between the cursing of the fig tree and the disciples discovery of what happened to it. Matthew and mark have different arrangements of the chronology of jesus withering of the fig tree.
When jesus arrives upon the scene it is early spring, and. It appears that this is the base passage he is referencing. Why did jesus expect the fig tree to be producing fruit when. Mark s presentation makes the connection between the incident with the fig tree and the cleansing of the temple more explicit. This miracle is found in both matthew and mark, matthews arrangement of.
This story causes a certain amount of consternation for believers, and is a favorite of bible critics. And frankly, the tree seems to be totally without guile in this incident. While there are slight differences between the two accounts, they are easily reconciled by studying the passages. A redactioncritical analysis of the cursing of the figtree pericope in marks gospel and its relation to the cleansing of the temple tradition. The truth is i really didnt understand the subtle yet significant message jesus was teaching until i began propagating and growing fig trees, and now that i know the context of the story, and something about fig trees, i want to share it with you as well. The cursing of the fig tree stands alone in the gospels as a punitive miracle, where prayer causes damage. Jul 05, 2019 looking further into the cursing of the fig tree in the book of mark with an interpretive reading that substitutes the symbolic meanings into the passage to read it with the message it was. Meier, can be read in its theological creativity in the fig tree cursing, rather than based on a historical event. The people of this nation are in a covenant relationship with god, and they might outwardly appear to observe his law. The first figs normally begin to appear before the leaves, but as the foliage increases, the fruit ripens.
Mark 11 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on. Jesus, we learn from vs 12, was hungry when he walked the two kilometers from bethany to jerusalem. Because of the scope of the paper we will limit our detailed analysis to the actual account of the cursing in mark 11. Why did jesus curse the fig tree and cleanse the temple of. Most scholars believe that mark was the first gospel and was used as a source by the authors of matthew and luke. If 9 minutes is too long just grab the slider and fast scan for the main points of the text. Looking further into the cursing of the fig tree in the book of mark with an interpretive reading that substitutes the symbolic meanings into the passage to read it with the message it was. The cursing of the tree displays jesus power and the power of prayer coupled with full belief in god. The tree, which was by the side of the public road not on private property, stood above the road, either projecting over it merely, or occupying an eminence close to it, or the road itself may have been in a ravine.
At a distance, jesus sees a fig tree with leaves, and being hungry, he approaches it hoping to find some fruit, since a fig tree often produces figs earlier than it produces foliage. Jul 17, 2012 and peter, remembering, said to him, rabbi, look. Posted on january 27, 20 by john oakes wrote in general, reliability of the bible, supposed inconsistencies in the bible. Still, a fruitful fig tree in the offseason would display small, semiedible fruits that would later ripen. The fig tree also represents the tree of knowledge of good and evil in jewish teachings. Matthew henry writes, the fruit of fig trees may justly be expected from those who have the leaves. However, fig trees generally produce a number of buds in march, leaves in april, and ripe fruit later on. It took place during the week that jesus would be crucified. When jesus arrives upon the scene it is early spring, and fig trees should not be in full foliage at this time of year. The cursing of the fig tree is an incident in the gospels, presented in mark and matthew as a miracle in connection with the entry into jerusalem. Fig uring out the root of the matter answers in genesis. Mark places the cursing before the temple was cleansed.
And today there arent surely nearly the fig trees there were once. Why is the order of events surrounding the cursing of the fig. However, the nation as a whole has proved to be both lacking faith and barren of good fruitage. There are more problems with these passages, according to the critics. Passover always comes in march or april, and fig season is not until may or june. Mark, the author of the book, adds the comment that it was not the season for. In order to put this situation into sharper focus, the student needs to examine the meaning behind this action by christ. When he reached it, he found nothing but leaves, because it was not the season for figs. The account of jesus cursing the fig tree during his final visit to jerusalem matt. The cursing of the fig tree is a sobering reminder of just how much the lord hates hypocrisy. Posted on january 27, 20 by john oakes wrote in general, reliability of the bible. The tree was out of season, so why curse a tree that is just doing what it is supposed to do.
Bible critics allege that matthew and mark contradict one another in their gospel accounts relating to the cursing of the fig tree and the cleansing of the temple. So, the presence of fig trees are the mark of the prosperity of the land, the absence of fig trees, the mark of the judgment of the land. Another bible passage about the parable of the fig tree. Mark 11 has an interesting story that leaves many people tilting their heads in confusion. More specifically, it is a meticulous study of the most curious of all the synoptic. As mark sets up the story, he points out several facts. Mark, placing the fig tree before and after the incident in the temple, may be using the fig tree as a metaphor for what he sees as the barrenness of the priests and the withering of their teaching and authority due to their lack of true faith.
In mark, a day passes between the cursing of the fig tree and the disciples discovery of what happened to it. Why would jesus, in all his perfection, curse a poor defenseless tree for the small crime of having no fruit especially when, as the version of the story in mark says, it is not even the season for figs. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. As christians we must live consistently with what we say we believe. Mark also reminds the cursing of the fig tree, however he doesnt speak about the first reaction andsentence, 15. Sep 27, 2019 why did jesus curse the fig tree and cleanse the temple of the money changers on the days immediately following his triumphal entry in jerusalem on palm sunday. The text in matthew 21 states the tree bore only leaves. Through his action of cursing the tree, would the disciples have gone to jeremiah 8. Like this fig tree, the nation of israel has a deceptive appearance. With mark s structure in mind, we will now proceed to analyze the cursing of the fig tree, beginning in verse 12. Why did jesus curse the fig tree and cleanse the temple of the money changers on the days immediately following his triumphal entry in jerusalem on palm sunday. The pronouncement of jesus against the freak fig tree produced a sudden and dramatic destruction of it. The account of jesus cursing the barren fig tree is found in two different gospel accounts.
Text copied from the christian classics ethereal library. Chapter 11, therefore, is consistent with the overall focus of the gospel of mark. The situation involving the cursed fig tree is recorded in two places in the gospel records matthew 21. Why is the order of events surrounding the cursing of the fig tree different in matthew and mark.
Be encouraged and grow your faith with daily and weekly devotionals. He states, for this reason i say to you, all the things that you ask when you are praying, believe that you will receive them. Now the next day, when they had come out from bethany, he was hungry. We had a great time in the worldwide bible class this morning. I was recently asked a question about jesus cursing a fig tree as found in matthew 21. Mark informs his readers that it was not the season for figs. When jesus cursed it, he performed a symbolic act in the spirit of jeremiah jer. A close look at these accounts provides insights regarding why jesus chose to curse this fig tree. The tree had not merely wilted or begun to fade away. Normally, a leafy fig tree would be pleasing, since a fig tree in leaf indicates that it has ripe fruit.34 1429 556 315 172 680 1642 916 307 1009 851 1090 1370 709 813 1315 1294 1198 1622 876 344 992 157 63 660 1007 890 157 1267 309 462 153 794 572 918